The Zika virus is actually transmitted to folks when one is bit by an contaminated mosquito largely found in tropical regions. The virus is transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. The virus belongs to the identical family as Chikungunya, Dengue, Yellow fever and West Nile. Nonetheless, unlike a few of the aforementioned viruses, there may be at the moment no vaccine that can be used to stop and even treat the infection. Till lately, Zika was largely an obscure virus confined to Asia and Equatorial Africa.
The virus was first discovered in the yr 1947 when a handful of scientists making a examine of the Yellow fever within the Zika forest Uganda chanced on a virus hitherto unknown. The scientists made the discovery of the unknown virus on the time in a feverish rhesus monkey. Fast forward to the yr 1958 and it was discovered that the virus was primarily transmitted or spread through the chunk of the aggressive Aedes mosquito though it may also be spread sexually.
The major cause of concern concerning the virus is its peculiar and alarming connection to microcephaly. Microcephaly is basically a neurological disorder resulting to newborns spotting an abnormally smaller head. The resultant effect is of cause extreme developmental points and in extreme circumstances, death. From November 2015, Brazil alone has registered 4180 cases of microcephaly in babies born to ladies that acquired the virus during pregnancy. This is a far cry to the meager 146 cases that have been registered in the yr 2014.
How the Zika virus is spread
Transmission of the Zika virus is primarily by way of the Aedes mosquito. The virus is transmitted when the Aedes mosquito bites a person with an energetic infection and thereafter spreading it by biting different people. The signs of the virus aren't extreme but delicate and embody potential pink eye, fever, headache as well as a rash. In reality, as much as 80% of people contaminated with the virus by no means have an idea that they're infected.
What you can do to protect yourself in opposition to Zika
Considering the truth that there exists no vaccine or remedy for the Zika virus, the only way to defend oneself from the virus is thru taking preventative measures. pcr kits for influenza viruses
starters, you may desist from travelling to areas with an active infestation. Secondly, you should avoid mosquito bites by sleeping below a mosquito net. Thirdly, make it a behavior to wear long sleeved shirts as well as long pants which are thick enough to stop a mosquito bite. Fourthly, be certain that you sleep in lodgings with screened windows and air conditioned rooms. In case you are already contaminated from the virus, one of the best ways to keep individuals round you protected is through taking measures to not be bitten by a mosquito.