The Zika virus is essentially transmitted to people when one is bit by an infected mosquito largely found in tropical regions. The virus is transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. The virus belongs to the same family as Chikungunya, Dengue, Yellow fever and West Nile. Nonetheless, in contrast to some of the aforementioned viruses, there may be currently no vaccine that can be used to prevent or even deal with the infection. Till just lately, Zika was largely an obscure virus confined to Asia and Equatorial Africa.
The virus was first discovered in the yr 1947 when a handful of scientists making a research of the Yellow fever in the Zika forest Uganda came across a virus hitherto unknown. The scientists made the discovery of the unknown virus on the time in a feverish rhesus monkey. Quick forward to the year 1958 and it was discovered that the virus was mainly transmitted or spread by way of the chew of the aggressive Aedes mosquito though it can also be spread sexually.
The foremost cause of concern concerning the virus is its peculiar and alarming connection to microcephaly. Microcephaly is essentially a neurological dysfunction resulting to newborns spotting an abnormally smaller head. The resultant effect is of cause severe developmental points and in excessive circumstances, death. From November 2015, Brazil alone has registered 4180 cases of microcephaly in babies born to girls that acquired the virus during pregnancy. This is a far cry to the meager 146 cases that were registered within the year 2014.
How the Zika virus is spread
Transmission of the Zika virus is primarily through the Aedes mosquito. The virus is transmitted when the Aedes mosquito bites an individual with an energetic infection and thereafter spreading it via biting different people. The signs of the virus should not extreme however gentle and embody attainable pink eye, fever, headache as well as a rash. Actually, as much as eighty% of people infected with the virus never have an concept that they're infected.
What you can do to guard your self against Zika
Considering the truth that there exists no vaccine or advanced cell therapy
for the Zika virus, the one technique to protect oneself from the virus is thru taking preventative measures. For starters, you possibly can desist from travelling to areas with an active infestation. Secondly, you must keep away from mosquito bites by sleeping beneath a mosquito net. Thirdly, make it a behavior to wear lengthy sleeved shirts as well as lengthy pants which might be thick enough to prevent a mosquito bite. Fourthly, make sure that you sleep in lodgings with screened windows and air conditioned rooms. In case you are already infected from the virus, the best way to maintain individuals around you protected is thru taking measures not to be bitten by a mosquito.